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My SQL says: Duplicate entry '14302343' for key 'PRIMARY'.
Rodyti originalaus dydžio paveikslą.
Hansa office in Kaunas. 2001
Hanseatic League, originally a Hansa (from G. hansa, "league") was a company of merchants trading with foreign lands, i.e. mercantile league of medieval North German towns. The original network linked Lübeck, Westfalia, Saxony and Gotland, but it quickly spread east with the conquest of Livonia in the early 13th century. At its peak, the Hanseatic League covered the entire North Sea and Baltic Sea Regions. It was active in England. It was established to improve trade relations and to protect tradesmen from plunderers and pirates. In 1343 the federation officially claimed itself as Hansa and included 85 towns. At the beginning of the medieval ages Hansa towns attracted merchants, scientists, craftsmen and artists. A Hansa town could offer them a lot. Town walls and local noblemen ensured security for townsmen, artists and scientists appreciated liberal climate of the towns, merchants – the knowledge, information, capital and purchasing power which were concentrated in the town. In the 15th c. Hansa played an important  political, economical and cultural role in Europe. The League collapsed definitely after 30 year war in 1618. Reestablished again in 1980. 225 cities and town belong to the league from 15 European countries. Kaunas (Lithuania) is also accepted into newly re-established league of towns.
Towns of schools which participated in the project (Slangerup, DK, Lubeck DE, Gdansk, PL and Oslo, NO) cherish and take pride in their hanseatic traditions form the old times, use them for purposes of tourism, economy and culture.
The following schools took part in the Comenius project:
Kingoskolen from Slangerup, Denmark, Holstentor - Realschule from Lubeck, Germany, Rodvet skole from Oslo, Norway, Conradinum school from Gdansk, Poland and Kauno Maironio gimnazija from Kaunas, Lithuania.

Hansa office in Kaunas
Rodyti originalaus dydžio paveikslą.
Hansa office at the beginning of the 20th c.
This building, probably, was built in the 15th c. on the territory of the old town in Kaunas and the site was called ‘the German corner” at the time. At the end of the 14th c. there was the commercial embassy of Hansa and merchants from Danzig had their representatives in Kaunas. Permanent residents of the colony were mainly Danzig merchants who had the elder elected according to the statute of the Hansa merchants.
Fight for trade markets in the east between some Hanseatic towns forced Danzig merchants to set up headquarters in Kaunas.  In the second half of the 14th c. Hanseatic towns of the Livonian order, first of all Revel (Tallinn), prohibited the Prussian merchants to visit the office of the main trade center in Naugardukas (in Byelorussia at present). At the same time merchants from Riga monopolized  Hanseatic offices in Polock. Trying to get more profit from  trading with eastern goods, The Teutonic order received  the authorization from the Grand Duke Vytautas to trade in The Grand Duchy of Lithuania  and establish the Hansa headquarters  in Kaunas. In the 14th – 15th c. the river Zeimena, which  joined Priegaliai and the Curonian split,  was made deeper and transformed to a canal suitable for navigation. Thus, merchants  from Danzig could  carry their goods by sea to Kaunas and back without transhipping.
Kaunas, as well as Vilnius had the so-called  right of emporium and all the goods passing through Kaunas were to be reloaded there. Local merchants could buy the goods in great amounts and later sell them.
Crafts flourished, the city became the centre of trade between Russia and Western Europe.
In 1408 Kaunas got the Magdenburg rights and in 1440-1445 the Hansa office has been established. This strenghtened the position of the town as the centre of trade.
The guilds of craftsmen were also set up. In the second half of the 15th c. and, especially, after the peace treaty signed in 1466 in Torno town, the merchants of Köningsberg  paid great attention to Kaunas. Later Vilnius became the trade center.
The example of successful Hanseatic trade excited the ambitions of the Lithuanian merchants. In 1491 Germans were prohibited to trade directly with periphery. They had to make  all commercial operations in Kaunas and Vilnius. In the 16th c. Kaunas merchants pushed out the Hansa headquarters which became empty in 1527. In 1528 St. Anthony’s society of German merchants went away and in 1540 the real estate of the society, which had debts, was transferred to the town property. In the 16-17th c., when wars against Russia and Sweden began, and after a terrible fire in 1732 the period of flourishment for the town had  ended. In the 17th c. the building had the residential function, and later, after the fire, just ruined eastern wall remained.  At the end of the18th c. the house was reconstructed and rebuilt and served as a cellar, was burnt and rebuilt  again.  Around the year of 1862  the cellar was reconstructed once again and such a gothic building has remained up to these days. At present a few conceptions for restoration have been produced, one of them presented to the renewed union of former Hanseatic towns. However, because of the lack of money the building is not under reconstruction. Architect Kęstutis Mikšys suggests to reconstruct the building by removing the cover details of later times. The foreseen functions for the building – administrative premises for the Museum of History.

The material was collected, translated and designed by a team of students from  Kaunas Maironis Gymnasium:
Vaida Jankauskaitė class 12
Laima Mulerčikaitė class 12
SigitaRapalavičiūtė, class 2d
Irma Jokūbaitytė class 2b
Agnė Taparauskaitė class 2d
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My SQL says: Duplicate entry '14302343' for key 'PRIMARY'.
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